• humic soil amendments: liquid, dry, and granular applications
  • humic foliar applications
  • endo and ecto mycorrhizae: liquid, powered, and granular applications
  • effective with different soils, crop types , and climate conditions
  • organic farming approved

 


 

Preface

  • Only a fraction of synthetic fertilizers such as nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium placed in soils are utilized by plants.
  • Some of the applied nutrients are volatized into the air.
  • Much of the applied fertilizers travel past the root zone of the target plants , through the soil profile, and into groundwater, streams, lakes, and oceans.
  • The leached nitrogen and phosphorus are essential nutrients to aquatic plant growth such as algae. When aquatic plants absorb an abundance of these nutrients, they grow out of control. This process can lead to the biological death of a body of water due to depleted oxygen.
  • A rapid growth of phytoplankton, or algae create dense populations, or blooms that ultimately sink and are decomposed by bacteria, depleting the bottom waters of oxygen.
  • Economically excessive algal growth due to nutrient pollution increases water treatment costs, degrades fishing, boating activities, and can impact tourism, property values and even human health.

BioRestore® Micorrhizae Inoculants and BioRestore® Bio-Stimulant humic soil amendments capture, store, and augment these very valuable nutrients, making them available to plants, trees, and microorganisms.

 


 

BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendments and foliar products

Bio-Stimulants Humic Soil Amendments: Structure, Composition, and Research

BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendments and foliar products are naturally occurring organic minerals, rich in high quality humic supplements.

  • Humic substances are present in soil organic matter and are a major component of soil fertility.
  • Soil organic matter is composed of living and dead plant and animal matter, and humus.
  • Humus is the part of organic matter that has been decomposed to the point which resists further decomposition, and that its parent material can no longer be identified.
  • Humus can be divided into soluble humic matter and insoluble non-humic matter.
  • BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendments and foliar products utilizes the soluble portion of humus to improve soil fertility, increase plant yield and plant quality, and lower operating costs. It is composed of a family of organic compounds that includes elements of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, with small amounts of sulfur and phosphorous, and many other trace metals.
  • The aromatic backbone and various ether linkages of the organic compound structure causes the molecules to be biologically activity. The oxygen containing function groups are negatively charge and impart the increase in Cation Exchange Capacity, and the Amines (NH2) are positively charged and impart the increase in Anion Exchange Capacity in the soil.
 

 


 

BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants Humic Soil Amendments: Increase Biological Activity

BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendments capability of binding with water molecules, and other essential nutrients improves the microorganism habitat, and leads to an increase in biomass concentrations.

  • This increase in biomass results in an increase in soil organic matter, and an improvement in soil fertility.
  • An increase in bacteria, molds, fungi, earthworms, and sow bugs, which is a food source for springtails, mold mites, roundworms, beetle mites, and protozoa, and that themselves are a food source for centipedes, rove beetles, ants, and predatory mites all contribute to providing more areas in the soil for water, molecular oxygen, plant roots, and mycorrhizae to occupy.
  • This increased biomass concentration generates more heat, water, and humus through biodegradation activities, and is especially important in the early phase of the growing season.
  • A healthier microorganism habitat will increase yields, and act as a store house for essential nutrients required by plants.
    •Higher yields result in a higher concentration of soil humus, which then result in even higher yields.

 


 

BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants Humic Soil Amendments: Research

 
  • It is through Cation Exchange that humus
    molecules make nutrients available to plant roots
    that otherwise would not be readily available.
  • It is the increased nutrient availability to the plant
    roots that reduce the amount of fertilizers
    required.
  • It is the negatively charged functional groups that
    help retain water and positively charged ions, and
    make them available to the plant.
  • It is the increased nutrient and water availability
    that increases yield and plant quality, reduces
    operating costs, and increases profitability.

Cornell University Research Study

  • The Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) of a soil is
    expressed in centimol positive charge per kg of soil (cmolc/kg).
  • High Cation Exchange Capacity soils have a greater water and nutrient (cations) holding capacity and are less susceptible to leaching than low CEC soils.
  • Low Cation Exchange Capacity soils are more likely to develop deficiencies like Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, Na+, H+, Al3+, Fe2+, Mn2+, Zn2+ and Cu2+ than high CEC soils.
  • A higher CEC soil will use less water and store
    more nutrients compared to lower CEC soils.

 


 

BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants Humic Soil Amendments: Research

A two year seed treatment trial on rice conducted at a University in the Philippines showed increased yields with a seed soaked treatment application. Optimum results were achieved using 1.3 litres per 20 litres of water and soaking the seeds for 12 hours. The rice seeds were then incubated for 24 hours, and germinated before planting.

Comparative yield performance of rice plants with BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic,
and yield performance without Bio-Stimulants, applied with the same rate of fertilizer treatment

Treatments of Recommended Rate of Granular Fertilizers

 


 

BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants Humic Soil Amendments: Research

  • Other studies have shown similar success with wheat, corn, soybeans, , alfalfa, beans, tomatoes, potatoes, and a wide variety of other crop types.
  • A three year trial on canola showed increase yields and profitability, even while reducing P fertilizer inputs. The application rates were 7, 15, 30, and 45 litres per acre. Although yields generally increase as the application rate increases, the higher rates may not always be the most cost effective.
  • Several other studies using humic substances have demonstrated increased yields, with lower fertilizer inputs. A three year study by Hopkins and Stark at the University of Idaho concluded:
    • the addition of humic to the fertilizer band tended to increase yields at both high and low P levels,
    • that increased availability of P due to its increased solubility with humic was partially responsible for yield increases, and
    • that humic increased P uptake as measured by petiole P concentrations, and that this could also account for the increased yields and plant quality.

 


 

BioRestore® Endo and Ecto Mycorrhizae

  • Under circumstances where the removal of top soil, erosion, compaction, fumigation, or tillage and fallow practices have left the soil with less than sufficient beneficial organisms, BioRestore® Endo and Ecto Mycorrhizae can improve plant performance and quality with less fertilizers and water usage.
  • The surface absorbing area of roots increase up to 1,000 times, thereby greatly improving the ability of the plant to access soil resources. The properly matched mycorrhizae not only increases the plants nutrient and water uptake by increasing the roots surface area, but also by releasing powerful enzymes into the soil that dissolve hard to capture nutrients such as organic nitrogen, phosphorous, iron, and other tightly bound soil nutrients.
 

 


 

BioRestore® Endo and Ecto Mycorrhizae

Research Studies - Mycorrhizae Inoculant for Crops and Grasses

  • A North Dakota study showed an increased in flax yields of 27%.
  • A wheat farm in Nebraska increased its yield of organic wheat by 42%.
  • An agronomists in California documented a 20% yield increase of sorghum-sudan grass.
  • Other studies have shown similar success with onions, alfalfa, melons, garlic, carrots, rice, strawberries, tomatoes, potatoes, almonds and a host of other crops where yield increases have ranged from 10% to 40%, often with reduced inputs and cost.
  • Studies have shown that grass species in the family Poaceae benefit greatly from mycorrhizal colonization in terms of growth and nutrient acquisition (Gemma and Koske 1989; Sylvia and Burks 1988; Hall et al 1984, Rider et al. 2007).
  • Warm-season grasses such as Bermuda grass with coarse root systems are particularly dependent upon mycorrhizae for sustained growth (Hetrick et al 1988; 1990).
  • Recent data indicates that cool-season, finer rooted Bentgrass species also form abundant mycorrhizae and benefit from the relationship, especially in soils in which the phosphorus levels are moderate or low (Gemma et al. 1995; Gemma et al 1997; Koske et al 1997).
  • Recent findings of improved turf grass establishment, root growth, fertilizer utilization, coverage has encouraged many turf managers to include mycorrhizal inoculations in their construction and maintenance practices (Hartin et al 2005, Rider et al. 2007).
  • Turf areas often incur environmental stresses caused by compaction, frequent mowing, and artificial sandy substrates lacking nutrient and water holding capacities. The benefits of mycorrhizal inoculation are especially apparent in such high-stress situations.

 


 

BioRestore® Endo and Ecto Mycorrhizae

Research Studies - Mycorrhizae Inoculant for Crops and Plants

  • Research has shown that mycorrhizae can reduce moisture stress in grasses (Koske et al 1995; Auge et al. 1995; Allen et. al. 1991).
  • Studies published in Journal of Turfgrass Science state that creeping Bentgrass inoculated with mycorrhizal fungus tolerated drought conditions significantly longer than non-mycorrhizal turf (Gemma et al. 1997). Mycorrhizal-inoculated turf also recovered from drought-induced wilting more quickly than non-mycorrhizal turf. The data also shows that mycorrhizal turf maintained significantly higher (average 29% more) chlorophyll concentrations than non-mycorrhizal turf during drought events.

Research Studies - Mycorrhizae Inoculant for Trees

Ecto mycorrhizae are used with coniferous trees like pine, spruce, fir, etc., and Endo mycorrhizae are used with broad-leafed trees like maple, ash, walnut , etc.

  • Data collected from approximately 10 million forest seedlings planted with mycorrhizael inoculants, demonstrated an average increases in survival and/or growth of 25%.
  • A study of approximately one million nursery seedlings that were inoculated with mycorrhizal strains, were planted on a number of sites to compare field performance between inoculated and control plots. The first year field measurements showed statistical increases in growth from: 23% to 70% for Eucalyptus; 41% to 128% for Radiata Pine; and 113% to 125% for Quillay.

 


 

Commercial research to look at the effects of using Micorrhizae Inoculants and Humic Soil Amendments on Alfalfa Forage Acres

 


 

Application Processes and Application Rates

  • BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendments can be applied to field crops, row crops, feed crops, hydroponic crops, vegetables, berries, fruits, trees, ornamentals, turf, and landscaping
  • BioRestore® Micorrhizae inoculant applications can be applied before, during, or after planting

 


 

BioRestore® Bio-Stimulant Humic Soil Amendments Applications

  • BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendment applications are applied as an additive at the time fertilizers are being applied or separately as a soil amendment or seed treatment. BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendment products come in a liquid, dry, and granular format;
  • boost the effectiveness of the fertilizer utilization and soil inoculant applications,
    • adds organic matter to the soil improving texture, moisture holding capacity and pH stability,
    • improves the plants ability to absorb nutrients, resulting in faster, healthier, and denser growth
    • acts as a natural surfactant, allowing water, air, and nutrients to penetrate the soil
    • reduces thatch build-up,

Application Directions

  • General: applications rates range from 6 to 30 litres (3 to 6 US Gallons) per acre per growing season. Applied at normal fertilizer schedules
  • Sprayed or Applied: without mixing with fertilizers, BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendment should be mixed with at least five times its volume of water
  • Sprinkler or Drip Irrigation: smaller amounts may be applied in every irrigation instead of a single application. Reduces water loss due to evaporation and leaching.
  • Transplanting: mix 1.3 litres per 40 litres (1 quart per 10 US Gallons) solution.
  • Seed Treatment: add 1 litre per 15 litres seed soaked solution
  • Foliar: applications use 2 to 4 litres mixed with foliar applied materials. When spraying alone dilute 1:20 in water
  • Potted Plants: Use 4 to 6ml per litre of fertilizer solution
  • Hydroponic: 1 to 2 litres per 200 litres of nutrient solution

 


 

BioRestore® Endo and Ecto Micorrhizae Inoculant Applications:

Micorrhizae Inoculants: Registered under the Fertilizer Act

Mycorrhizae inoculants come in a powder, granular, gel, or liquid form, so as to accommodate a variety of equipment and application methods. The most effective way to BioRestore® their populations is to apply our inoculant to the seeds or roots. They can be mixed with plug flow systems, watered-in through injector systems or spray booms, or simply topically applied to existing plants in the field.

Mycorrhizae Seed Adhesion Treatments insure inoculum proximity to the germinating seed.

  • Powdered inoculants work well with hairy-textured seeds like many grass seeds, wheat, barley, and oats. Note: Excess powder falling off the seeds can accumulate in the seed box, possibly leading to mechanical problems with the auger and drill operation of the planting equipment.
  • Liquid inoculants are preferred for corn, beans, alfalfa, and similar smooth-surface seeds, because they adhere better than the powdered inoculants that would also require a tackifier product.

Note: Liquid inoculants can be applied to seed by mixing it with other seed treatments such as legume inoculants on beans, alfalfa and vetch.

Mycorrhizae Near-Seed Treatments

  • Liquid inoculants can be sprayed in furrow alone or with other liquids.
  • Granular inoculants can be mixed with the seeds in the furrow or be placed (banded) a few inches below and/or to the side of the furrow.

 


 

BioRestore® Endo and Ecto Micorrhizae Inoculant Applications:

Mycorrhizae Root Placement Treatments

  • In addition to seed treatment processes, granular inoculants may be shanked or knifed into the soil adjacent to the plant. The roots become colonized when they eventually enter the treated soil. The root placement application is used among
    • vegetable row crops grown from young transplants
    • perennial crops such as alfalfa, grasses, trees, shrubs, etc.
    • forage pastures

Liquid inoculants can be sprayed over the top of existing crops, if soils are porous and enough water is available to leach the mycorrhizal spores into the soil profile. This places the mycorrhizal propagule in the rooting zone where they will be effectively utilized.

Application rates are based upon placing sufficient numbers of spores on or near seeds or roots to ensure fast and effective colonization throughout the crop. A good time to apply the inoculum is when roots are most active such as spring and fall.

 


 

BioRestore® Product Benefits and Product Differentiation

  • BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendments and foliar
  • BioRestore® Endo and Ecto Mycorrhizae

 


 

Benefits: BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants Humic Soil Amendments and Foliar Products

  • It is the structure and composition of the BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendments and foliar molecules that impart the benefits in agriculture applications: improved soil fertility, increased plant yield and plant quality (BRIX values), and lower annual operating costs.
  • The molecules are rich in high quality humic supplements, and have both positively and negatively charged function groups.
  • The negatively charged and positively charged function groups are responsible for;
    • increased water holding capacity of soils
    • increased Cation and Anion Exchange Capacity of soils
    • reduced leaching of nutrients, so as to retain them in the root zone and slowly release them as the plants needs them
    • increased buffering properties of soils
    • increased aeration and improved soil structure and workability
    • increased phosphorous and other essential nutrient uptake
  • The rich humic composition of the molecules provides a biological source of carbon and other nutrients, and promotes an acceleration of organic matter decomposition, and nutrient availability.
  • The structure and composition of the BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendments and foliar molecules;
    • lowers fertilizer, water, pesticide, and surfactant usage
    • increases plant yield and plant quality
    • effective with different soils, crop types, and climate conditions
    • protects ground and surface water
    • increases operating profitability
  • BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendments used with or without inorganic fertilizers will increase crop yield, and operating profitability.

 


 

Benefits: BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants Humic Soil Amendments and Foliar Products

  • Mycorrhizae form a symbiotic relationship with the plant and through thousands of filaments that extend far beyond the plant roots, mine the soil nutrients, excrete antibiotics, and reduce drought and disease stresses. This symbiotic relationship produces:
    • Faster growth and root development
    • Increased plant yield and plant quality
    • Reduced fertilizer usage, up to 30%
    • Reduced water usage, up to 30%
    • Reduced pesticides
  • Nursery Operations: Inoculated seedlings have fewer culls and greater survival upon transplanting.
  • Sod Operations: Inoculated grasses have increased sod strength, increased carbohydrate reserves, and greater survival upon transplanting. Rhizome or stolon development is the most important factor in sod strength and sod rooting capability.

 


 

BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants and Mycorrhizae Product Differentiation

  • BioRestore® Bio-Stimulants humic soil amendments and foliar molecules are:
    • sourced from fresh water deposits (not salt water sourced or soil sourced)
    • contain high levels of humic substances
    • contain over 60 essential minerals and nutrients
    • biologically very active
    • optimally extracted
  • BioRestore® endo and ecto mycorrhizae strains are match to the local environment, so as to ensure compatibility and maximum plant growth

 

 

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